Thanks to globalisation bed bugs have become the world’s most despised globe trotters. The parasitic insects can’t fly but they are capable of sneaking into your suitcase under the cover of darkness and crawling out when you get home. Masters of stealth, bed bugs can squeeze into the tiniest of holes but they do leave behind a tell-tale clue – a dark spot of processed blood.
Bed bugs have been such a problem because they breed rapidly and can soon colonise your house if left untreated. They have also shown signs of resistance to certain pesticides.
Because bed bugs are so cryptic you may not even know you have them for several weeks. One tell tale sign is a trio of bed bug bites, all in a row, and referred to in the industry as breakfast, lunch and dinner. Here are some interesting facts about bed bugs:
Bed Bug Facts
- Bed bug eggs are about the size of a dust speck and very difficult to see. They are sticky and can attach to anything.
- All bed bug species feed on warm blooded animals. Cimex lectularius is the bedbug that feeds on blood from humans.
- Bed bugs are nocturnal and like to stay close to a food source, so are usually found in areas where people tend to rest and sleep, hence the name bed bug.
- If you see a bed bug during the day it indicates a possible infestation as the insect may have been pushed out of a hiding place due to overcrowding.
- It is theoretically possible for bedbugs to transmit disease, though this link has not been proved.
- Bed bugs can withstand a wide range of temperatures from nearly freezing to 48 degrees Celcius.
- Bed bugs were commonplace before the 1940’s when DDT was used to decimate the golbal population.
- Newly hatched bed bug nymphs are straw-colored and no bigger than a pinhead.
- Bed bugs shed their skin five times before reaching maturity. A blood meal is needed between each successive molt.
- A bed bug takes between three and 10 minutes to feed.